What types of teeth can be attached to a cutterhead?
A cutterhead is a rotating mechanical component of a cutter suction dredger (CSD) that is used to cut and excavate material from the seabed or riverbed. It is located at the end of the suction pipe and is responsible for the primary excavation of material.
The cutterhead is typically a cylindrical structure with various teeth or cutting edges attached to its surface. As the cutterhead rotates, the teeth come into contact with the seabed or riverbed, breaking and cutting the material to be excavated. The excavated material is then suctioned up through the pipe and transported to the surface.
There are different types of teeth that can be attached to the cutterhead, each with its own specific purpose:
Pick Point Teeth: These teeth are sharp and pointed, designed to penetrate hard and compacted material such as rock or coral.
Chisel Teeth: These teeth have a flat, chisel-shaped cutting edge that is used to break up medium to hard material such as clay or sandstone.
Flare Teeth: These teeth have a wider cutting edge that flares outwards, allowing them to cut through softer material such as mud or silt.
Scalloped Teeth: These teeth have a scalloped cutting edge that is effective in cutting through loose or sandy material.
Conical Teeth: These teeth have a conical shape with a pointed tip and are used for cutting hard or compacted material.
The choice of teeth used on a cutterhead depends on the type of material to be excavated, as well as the operating conditions of the CSD. The teeth can be easily replaced or interchanged as necessary to ensure efficient and effective excavation.